HISTORY OF ANAMBRA STATE MINISTRY OF HEALTH:
Anambra state ministry of health manages the overall health system of the state. Operationally, the Anambra State ministry of Health is a decentralized health structures of the Federal government. The Commissioner of health presides over affairs of ministry while the permanent Secretary functions as the administrative head. The directors of different thematic reports directly to the permanent secretary of health at the state level. There also exist regulatory bodies such as pharmacist council, nursing council, medical and dental council etc. who regulates the activities of their respective professions. The State Ministry of Health also has affiliated bodies/Agencies namely;
1, Anambra State Primary Healthcare Development Agency whom are charged with the its own responsibilities on the primary Healthcare of the citizenry and is also responsible for the healthcare affairs at the Local government level. it has 21 Directors of PHC in the 21 Local Government Areas who manages the health affairs at the primary health care level.
2, Anambra State Health Insurance Agency: they have the sole responsibility of ensuring that all Ndi’ Anambra has access to affordable, quality, effective and efficient healthcare without suffering catastrophic health spending. There are both public and private owned health facilities in the state registered under them.
- FUNCTIONS OF THE STATE MINISTRY OF HEALTH;
Under the provisions of the Health Sector Reform Law 2006, the Ministry of Health is responsible for the following functions:
- Health policy/plan formulation and legislation
- Regulatory functions, including quality assurance (setting of standards for personnel, infrastructure and services for registration of both public and private health institutions operating in the State), monitoring and evaluation.
- Development and implementation of strategies for Health Sector Reform, including promotion of public-private partnership in health.
- Development of capacity for generation and utilization of evidence-based data and information for health policy, strategy and plan development/implementation (Health Management Information System).
- Health manpower development (medical, nursing and allied training institutions) and planning including enhancement of human resource, administrative and financial management capacity of health and health-related professionals.
- Strengthening of capacity of local governments to manage health programs and plans
- Supervision and control of all Health facilities in the State in order to ensure a minimum standard in all public and private health facilities;
- Supervision and control of all Hospital Governing Boards and Government Health Bodies and Agencies;
- Development of management, financial guidelines and performance standards for internal control of public hospitals;
- Developing performance standards for internal control of Public Hospitals;
- Recommendation for capital and operating budgets for Hospitals Governing Boards (which includes recommendation for major adjustments, increase in salaries, allowances and fringe benefits for hospital employees);
- Elevating the quality of health practice in the professional disciplines through the advancement of appropriate standards and research priorities;
- Collation and analysis of monthly medical statistical data (attendance, morbidity, mortality and utilization of services) from Hospital Governing Boards;
- Obtaining annual audited accounts of hospitals and Hospital Governing Boards within three months after the end of preceding financial year;
- Co-ordination and integration of the various hospital services at all levels in the State to ensure they conform with the State health policies and programs; and
- Maximizing the effective use of resources within the health sector in the State.
- Industrial and Occupational Health.
- Staff Clinic and pre-employment health screening.
- Design and implement community and school-based Information, Education and Communication (IEC) packages on the promotion of healthy lifestyles, prevention of common infectious and non-communicable diseases, and consumers’ knowledge and awareness of their right to quality care and personal obligation to better health.
- Monitor and control trends of diseases (communicable and non-communicable) at the community and State levels.
- Institutionalize an operational system to facilitate early/timely detection, diagnosis and response to epidemics, emergencies and disasters at the State and community levels (Emergency Preparedness).
- Establish a sustainable drug management system, promote essential drug policy and discourage use of counterfeit, spurious and substandard drugs including institutionalization of a drug quality assurance across the entire drug chain.
- Strengthen the capacity of the Ministry to conduct health surveys and research, including development, updating and enforcement of protocol for conduct of health surveys and research by researchers.
- Integration of traditional medicine, based on proven efficacy, into the State’s health care system at both community and provincial levels
- Liaise with the Federal Ministry of Health and other relevant stakeholders on policy formulation and implementation.
- Establish a forum for effective donor interaction and coordination.
- To ensure financial protection to individuals with no catastrophic health events, through the State Health Insurance Agency